The IPC position contrasted starkly with that taken by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), as they opted to defer the decision over the extent of participation of Russian athletes at the Rio 2016 Olympics to the International Federations (IFs).

Russia went on to claim 19 gold, 18 silver and 19 bronze medals at the Olympic Games, but their athletics team were absent having been banned by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).

The IPC’s choice to impose a ban on the RPC, which came after suspension proceedings were opened in July, has been criticised by a number of organisations, such as the Association of National Olympic Committees, and IFs.

The differing stances of the IPC and IOC seems to have elevated tensions between the two governing bodies ahead of September’s Paralympics, which will take place amid dire economic problems.

Up to 10 countries may not be able to attend the Paralympic Games regardless of whether grants are paid by organisers due to financial issues experienced by Rio 2016.

The Deodoro Olympic Park has been “closed and dismantled”, meaning that equestrian, football 7-a-side and shooting will now work as three stand-alone venues with dedicated transport hubs.

Wheelchair fencing competition will now take place at the Barra Olympic Park after being originally scheduled for Deodoro, while venue capacity is also expected to be cut, with only 12 per cent of tickets sold so far.

Russia won 80 medals at the Sochi 2014 Paralympics on home soil, including 30 golds.

They topped the medal table by some distance with second placed Germany only winning 15 medals, nine of them gold.

Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko has criticised the CAS decision to dismiss the appeal.

“The decision is not in the legal framework – it’s more political than judicial,” Mutko told the Russian news agency TASS.

“There were no reasons to dismiss, but it happened.

“We will study the possibility of further steps, and probably take a decision.”

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