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May 24 17

Olympic champ Chalmers to have heart surgery

by ZwemZa
Kyle Chalmers beat more fancied rivals, including fellow Australian Cam McEvoy, to become his country’s first 100m freestyle gold winner since 1968. Photograph: Clive Rose/Getty Images

Kyle Chalmers beat more fancied rivals, including fellow Australian Cam McEvoy, to become his country’s first 100m freestyle gold winner since 1968. Photograph: Clive Rose/Getty Images

Australian Olympic champion Kyle Chalmers on Wednesday pulled out of July’s FINA World Championship in Budapest to have surgery for a worsening heart condition.

The Rio 100m gold medallist suffers from supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), which occasionally causes his heart to race but is not normally life threatening.

It forced the teenager to miss Australia’s national short course championships late last year, and his doctor and coach have now decided he needs surgery sooner rather than later to help prolong his career.

“The symptoms have reached a point where I must act to ensure I am in peak physical condition for next year’s Commonwealth Games trials and hopefully the Commonwealth Games,” said the 18-year-old of the event on home soil at the Gold Coast.

“There is never a good time for this type of procedure but given I’ve suffered from these symptoms during two of the past three major meets, and following my doctors advice, I have made the tough decision to withdraw (from Budapest).”

National head coach Jacco Verhaeren said Chalmers’ health was of paramount importance.

“Kyle has our full support and we know he will use this time away from competition positively and to his advantage to return for a home Commonwealth Games in 2018 and beyond,” he said.

He is due to have surgery in the coming weeks.

May 23 17

Three candidates standing to become new President of Brazilian Aquatic Sports Confederation

by ZwemZa


Three candidates have been confirmed for the upcoming Brazilian Aquatic Sports Confederation (CBDA) Presidential election on June 9.

Miguel Cagnoni, Jefferson Borges and Cyro Delgado are all seeking to become the CBDA’s President, with the body set to elect a new leader for the first time since 1988.

It follows CBDA President Coaracy Nunes, also a member of the International Swimming Federation’s (FINA) Bureau, being arrested in April as part of an inquiry into the alleged misuse of public funds.

Nunes was arrested along with CBDA financial director Sergio Ribeiro and water polo technical coordinator Ricardo Cabral.

Each are accused of “over-billing, diverting public funds and embezzlement”.

The arrests specifically relate to the alleged misuse of around BRL$40 million (£10 million/$13 million/€12 million).

Nunes had already been removed from his post at the head of the governing body in October following an investigation by the Federal Police and Public Ministry.

The developments within the CBDA prompted Federal Deputy Arnaldo Jordy to call for a Permanent Commission of Inquiry to be set up to probe the use of public funds by the Brazilian sports federations.

Jordy made the suggestion at a public hearing, held to discuss the ongoing scandal within the CBDA.

Ricardo Prado has been leading the CBDA on an interim basis prior to the governing body holding its elections.

The CBDA have now confirmed the three Presidential candidates and their chosen vice-presidents, should they triumph at the elections.

Cagnoni is running on a platform of “Innovation and Transparency”, with the Paulista Aquatic Federation President being supported by Luis Fernando Coelho de Oliveira.

“Our intention as an opposition plate has two very defined mottos: innovation and transparency, this is what we want for Brazilian swimming,” Cagnoni states in his campaign website.

“We want to innovate, with a shared management like any modern management , where all the actors of Brazilian water sports are part, coaches, athletes, clubs, referees and all those who battle daily at the edge of the pools.

“Still in the field of innovation, we want to diversify management at regional poles so that the problems of such a large country are resolved quickly, and where clubs and federation presidents will find their support nuclei, and will be increasingly heard and enlightened within. The reality of their problems.

“As for transparency, we can not even say what that means today because of all these situations that have occurred recently in the CBDA.

“Transparency must be an obligation in any entity, in any reality that is made today in the sports administration in Brazil and in the world, that is why we place it at a high value in our election campaign.”

Delgado, a 4×200 metres freestyle bronze medallist at the Moscow 1980 Olympic Games, is running on a platform called “New Face”.

He is running with Ricardo Luis Barbosa de Lima.

“I want to join forces with the athletes from the five water sports and create development opportunities for clubs, sports organisations and all federations,” said Delgado, who has denied any association to the former CBDA Board.

“They are dedicated to the sport, as athlete, manager and a privileged fan of swimming, jumping, water polo, synchronized swimming and aquatic marathons without forgetting the masters.

“I bring all my baggage, including as an Olympic medallist, to be a transforming agent for the CBDA.

“We will add forces to regain the credibility of our institution.”

The third Presidential candidate Jefferson Borges currently serves as the head of the Mato Grosso do Sul Aquatic Federation.

Borges’ platform is titled New Directions and he is being supported by vice-presidential candidate Marcelo Falcao.

Both Borges and Falaco are FINA referees and were selected by the governing body to officiate at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

The election is due to take place on June 9.

Michael Pavitt | Inside the Games

May 23 17

Egyptian becomes first amputee to swim across Red Sea Gulf

by ZwemZa
Omar Hegazy (Reuters)

Omar Hegazy (Reuters)

An Egyptian adventurer has become the first amputee to swim from Egypt to Jordan, crossing a 20-kilometre (12.4 miles) stretch of the Red Sea’s Gulf of Aqaba last month in under nine hours.

Omar Hegazy, a 26-year-old banker, lost his left leg two years ago in a motorcycle accident he said left him with an identity crisis.

But Hegazy regained his strength through training and was able to take up sports he had enjoyed before his accident, including rock-climbing and snorkelling.

“I used to lead a very active lifestyle… I didn’t know what I was anymore or how I was going to live,” he said.

“I like exploring, adventuring and doing things for the first time.”

Hegazy raised funds for the swim through local sponsors and audiences tracked his progress across the coral-rich gulf through a Twitter hashtag he created to raise awareness about people enduring mental and physical disabilities.

“I see life in near-death experiences and I want to (bring people along for the ride),” he said.


May 23 17

Brianna Throssell eyes Tokyo redemption under new swimming coach

by ZwemZa
WA swimming star Brianna Throssell will compete at the Perth Aquatic Super Series in February. (WA News)

WA swimming star Brianna Throssell  (WA News)

West Australian swimmer Brianna Throssell has admitted she was not in the right frame of mind heading into last year’s Rio Olympics.

Throssell finished a respectable eighth in the 200m butterfly on her Olympic debut, but after bursting onto the scene at the 2015 World Championships, she conceded her Rio result did not meet expectations.

And that has her hungry to do better ahead of a big 12 months that will include another World Championships and a Commonwealth Games on home soil.

“I am in such a better place now,” Throssell said.

“My mental state going away this year, from what it was 12 months ago, has really changed. I am going away with no regrets and not wanting to be home all the time.

“[At] 2020 I would love to rectify what happened in 2016.”

The first step towards the Tokyo Games was this year’s nationals, which doubled as qualifying for July’s world titles in Budapest.

Throssell booked two individual swims, the 100m and 200m butterfly, but said she was not completely satisfied with her results.

“I was a little bit disappointed but given the preparation and changing clubs, I still managed to qualify on the team,” she said.

“That was the goal that I wanted to achieve but I was a little disappointed in the time.”

Back on track under new coach

Throssell has made changes to her technique after switching to the WA Institute of Sport (WAIS) program late last year to work under coach Michael Palfrey.

“I changed clubs and squads about eight months ago now and it was the best move I have made,” she said.

The 21-year-old said after swimming the same way for 15 years, adapting to a new technique had been a major test.

“I guess at the nationals it didn’t really show that it was in my muscle memory yet,” she said.

“So that is definitely something that I need to work on over the next couple of months to really get it ingrained.”

But it is outside the pool where Throssell’s new coach thinks she could develop the most.

“For me it is her growing as a person,” Palfrey said.

“I think being overseas in Europe for eight to nine weeks and not having family there, and dealing with different situations on her own, and how she reacts to things.

“That will probably make the difference come 2020.”

Throssell, sprinter Zac Incerti and 29-year-old veteran Holly Barratt will represent Western Australia in Budapest.

Clint Thomas |

May 23 17

The fine line between distance per stroke & stroke rate

by ZwemZa
Photo: Stephen Frink

Photo: Stephen Frink

For our next technique series, I decided to change things up a bit. Instead of talking about one specific piece of the pie, let’s look at the pie as a whole.

As swimmers progress through the sport, they start gaining an understanding of their distance per stroke (DPS) and stroke rate (SR). Manipulating these two numbers can have a significant impact on a swimmer’s race and their stroke “efficiency”. With a regular coaching stopwatch, anyone can get their calculated SR. Also, with the abundance of new iPhone apps and software programs — getting your estimated DPS is now very easy to do too.

If you haven’t heard of these terms before and/or aren’t familiar with them, it’s okay. Here are the definitions:

Distance Per Stroke: the distance traveled (in meters or yards) from each individual stroke.
Stroke Rate: the time it takes to complete one full stroke cycle

Keep in mind when talking about freestyle and backstroke, DPS and SR deal with individual arm strokes (right versus left). While butterfly and breaststroke — both arms move at the same time, so their DPS and SR is calculated by both arms moving at the same time. There is no right arm or left arm DPS or SR for these strokes.

What is the balance between DPS and SR?

It is an inverse relationship. The faster you turn your arms over, the lower your DPS will be. If you increase your DPS, your SR goes down. The goal for each swimmer is to find their balance between a good DPS and a high SR.

I recently posted a video on my Instagram account (@theafish1), analyzing Caeleb Dressel. The video is from the SEC Championships, where he split a 17.86 in a 50 freestyle on a 200 freestyle relay. My analyzed video was watched over 30,000 times, but I guarantee most people missed the most incredible point of his analyzed swim.

Check it out:

What did you see?

The first thing that came to my mind is the fact that he spent the majority of his race underwater. And it’s true: Caeleb spent 26.45 yards underwater — over 50% of his race. But, beyond that, what is so impressive is the fact he swam with an average SR of 0.46 seconds (converts to 130 strokes per minute) and kept an average DPS of 0.92 yards.

To put that in perspective, Ryan Held split an 18.15 at the 2017 ACC Championships. Held held an average SR of 0.46 (converting to 130 stroke per minute) and held a 0.88 DPS. See below:

So while Caeleb and Held had similar stroke rates, Caeleb traveled 0.04 yards further each stroke than Held. So if they both swam against each other with the same metrics above (keeping their stroke count the same and not including underwaters), Caeleb would beat Held by 1.13 seconds in 50 yards of straight freestyle swimming.

That is the power of DPS.

It is ideal for you (and your swimmers) to find their balance with SR and DPS. Being great at one of these metrics is not good enough. So while Held was only out-split by Dressel by 0.29, it was due to his underwater capability that he was as close to Dressel’s split.

Next week, we will dig deeper into the power of underwaters and why staying underwater longer (than you might think) is actually beneficial to your races.

Abbie Fish has been in the competitive swimming realm for over 20 years. After capping off a successful career at University of Georgia, Abbie soon found herself back on the deck as a coach.

Currently, Abbie is a Technique Swim Coach at Ritter Sports Performance. She spends her time analyzing race videos and studying different style of stroke technique. If you’d like your stroke analyzed, or a swimmer of yours — visit their website: for more information or email Abbie at

Abbie Fish | Flo Swimming



May 23 17

Arizona Wildcats swimming coach Rick DeMont to retire

by ZwemZa
Rick DeMont (You Tube)

Rick DeMont (You Tube)

Rick DeMont, the Arizona Wildcats swimming great who became a longtime UA assistant and head coach, announced Monday he is retiring following 30 years with the program.

The UA made the announcement around 4 p.m. with a news release. DeMont will stay on as head coach until his replacement is named. The coach is making $143,000 in base pay this year, according to UA documents.

“There is never a right time to make a decision like this and I thought long and hard about it,” said DeMont, 61. “I’ve been coaching here for 30 years, and despite the offer of a two-year extension, I decided that now is the right time to move on. I’ve given everything I have to Arizona swimming and diving and I’m looking forward to spending more time with my family and pursuing other passions. I want to thank the administration, staff and student-athletes for making this a wonderful journey and I look forward to seeing what the program can do in the coming years.”

DeMont enrolled at the UA in 1977 as one of the top freestyle swimmers in the country. He held the world record in the 1,500-meter freestyle, the 400-meter freestyle and 4×100-meter freestyle. He was named an eight-time collegiate All-American — DeMont spent two years at Washington, then took two years off before enrolling at the UA. DeMont is a national, Pan-American, World and Olympic champion.
DeMont joined Arizona’s coaching staff as an assistant in 1987, and spent more than 25 years under both Frank Busch and Eric Hansen. DeMont was elevated to acting head coach when Hansen resigned in January 2014, and formally took over the program shortly thereafter.

DeMont is an accomplished artist who has been featured throughout town and an accomplished businessman; he and his wife Carrie own the DeMont Family Swim School on Ina Road.

DeMont’s departure marks the first major hurdle faced by athletic director Dave Heeke, who was hired April 1 to replace Greg Byrne. In a statement, Heeke thanked DeMont for his contributions to the program.

“We know this was a tough decision for him, but one he felt he needed to make,” he said. “His contribution to our program can be seen throughout the record books and his knowledge and aptitude will certainly be missed. Rocket is a true Wildcat. We wish him all the best as he transitions into the next stage of his life and congratulate him on a fabulous career.”

Arizona Daily Star

May 22 17

How much time do we dedicate to swimming?

by ZwemZa


It’s easy to say that the amount of time we spend focused on achieving our goals is simply the amount of hours we practice per week. Although these hours devoted to training are incredibly important, we often forget about the extra, time-consuming measures we go through to ensure we are at our peak fitness level in the pool.

How much time will an athlete dedicate solely to swimming over a 10-year career? Below, we add up the daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly demands on our time spent in pursuit of swimming greatness.

Sleep: Minimum 8 Hours (not counted toward totals)

Although this fluctuates from day to day, we decided to go with the recommended amount of sleep for peak performance. Depending on where you are in your swimming career (high school, college, or professional) this number could fluctuate between 6-10 hours.

Stretching: Minimum 1 Hour

Stretching not only assists in getting your body into the positions necessary for swimming, but it also aids in recovery immensely. This category includes: foam rolling, compression treatment, static stretching, and more. An hour a day would be the absolute minimum for elite level swimmers to keep their body in great shape.

Transportation: 30-40 Minutes (Round Trip)

This category, much like sleep, is dependent on where the particular athlete is in his or her career. College swimmers might be two minutes away from the pool, while a club swimmer might have a two-hour round trip commute every day.

Nutrition: 1 Hour

As you progress into the elite competitions, nutrition becomes more and more important. Gaining every possible edge over the competition is key in success. What comes with this is meal-prep time, calorie counting, meeting with a nutritionist…the list goes on. While it doesn’t seem like much, we’ve set the estimated time per day at (a conservative) one hour per day. It may be tempting to go by McDonald’s or Burger King on the way home from practice eating healthy but sticking to a nutritional plan is absolutely important.

Water time: 2-4 Hours

Now for the most important time requirement of them all, water time. On a normal day, we will spend (an estimated) 2-4 hours in the water working on technique, endurance, and race strategy. This amount of time is what is normally looked at as how much time we put into the sport, but as we’ve seen so far, it is just the beginning.

Weight Room: 1 Hour

As you move throughout your career as a swimmer, the weight room comes into play. College and professional athletes will spend an hour in the weight room 3-4 times a week depending on the events that are being trained. This time is dedicated to working on strength, agility, and injury prevention. Speaking of injury prevention, let’s talk about rehabilitation.

Rehab: 1 Hour

Every swimmer wishes to avoid this category as much as possible, but with the demands of swimming and the expectation placed on the body, it is often a place we find ourselves. Spending time with a physical therapist or doing exercises outside of the pool will take time, but it is important to making sure our efforts in every other category aren’t brought to a halt due to an unexpected injury.

We took the daily estimations from above and mapped them out over the course of a day, a week, a year, five years, and 10 years. This helps illustrate how much extra effort the elite-level swimmers dedicate to mastering this sport.


Activity Time (By Hour) Frequency (Daily) Total
Stretching 1 1 1
Nutrition 1 1 1
Water Time 3 1 3
Weight Room 1 1 1
Rehab 1 1 1
Transportation 0.75 2 1.5
Total Hours 8.5


Activity Time (By Hour) Frequency (Daily) Frequency (Weekly) Total
Stretching 1 1 7 7
Nutriton 1 1 7 7
Water Time 3 1 6 18
Weight Room 1 1 3 3
Rehab 1 1 7 7
Transportation 0.75 2 6 9
Total Hours 51



Activity Time (by hour) Frequency (daily) Frequency (weekly) Frequency (monthly) Total
Stretching 1 1 7 4 28
Nutriton 1 1 7 4 28
Water Time 3 1 6 4 72
Weight Room 1 1 3 4 12
Rehab 1 1 7 4 28
Transportation 0.75 2 6 4 36
Total Hours 204



Activity Time (by hour) Frequency (daily) Frequency (weekly) Frequency (monthly) Frequency (Annually) Total
Stretching 1 1 7 4 12 336
Nutriton 1 1 7 4 12 336
Water Time 3 1 6 4 12 864
Weight Room 1 1 3 4 12 144
Rehab 1 1 7 4 12 336
Transportation 0.75 2 6 4 12 432
Total Hours 2,448


Five Year:

Activity Time (by hour) Frequency (daily) Frequency (weekly) Frequency (monthly) Frequency (Annually) Five Year Total
Stretching 1 1 7 4 12 5 1680
Nutriton 1 1 7 4 12 5 1680
Water Time 3 1 6 4 12 5 4320
Weight Room 1 1 3 4 12 5 720
Rehab 1 1 7 4 12 5 1,680
Transportation 0.75 2 6 4 12 5 2,160
Total Hours 12,240


10 Year:

Activity Time (by hour) Frequency (daily) Frequency (weekly) Frequency (monthly) Frequency (Annually) 10 Year Total
Stretching 1 1 7 4 12 10 3360
Nutriton 1 1 7 4 12 10 3360
Water Time 3 1 6 4 12 10 8640
Weight Room 1 1 3 4 12 10 1440
Rehab 1 1 7 4 12 10 3360
Transportation 0.75 2 6 4 12 10 4320
Total Hours 24,480
Data Breakdown:

For 10 years of swimming dedication, we ended up at a grand total of 24,480 hours.

This adds up to roughly 2.79 years.

No pressure.

Work hard.

Kyle Sockwell | Flo Swimming


May 22 17

PB and gold see Guy end Japan Open in style

by ZwemZa
Guy celebrates his win at the FINA world championships in Kazan, Russia last year (EPA)

Guy celebrates his win at the FINA world championships in Kazan, Russia  (EPA)

James Guy won his third medal at the Japan Open, setting a new personal best of 51.50seconds in the final of the 100m butterfly, as British swimmers picked up six medals on the last day of competition.

The two-time world champion excelled, backing up a bronze medal in the 200m butterfly two days before – suggesting he is at the top of his game just two months before the World Championships in Budapest.

“That is a great time,” Guy told British Swimming. “It’s a new personal best for me and is a bit of a surprise considering the workloads I’m currently under and off the back of a tough camp in Thailand.

“It’s looking good for the summer. There’s more hard work to come but when I’m rested and tapered it will put me in a good place by the time Budapest comes around.”

Ben Proud secured Britain’s second gold of the day and his second of the meet, when he edged home in the men’s 50m freestyle.

“I’m really happy with that performance,” said Proud. “It was great to race against such fast guys, it pushed me on to the wall.

“It’s been a great competition for me against a very talented field. To come out on top in such heavy training shows I’m going in the right direction.”

Scottish star Hanah Miley also won her second medal of the meet when she took silver in the women’s 200m individual medley, while Alys Thomas took silver in the women’s 100m butterfly.

On a strong night for British women, Molly Renshaw won silver in the 200m breaststroke, while backstroke ace Georgia Davies took silver in the 50m.


May 22 17

Hagino avenges loss to Seto by winning 200 IM at Japan Open

by ZwemZa
Japan's Kosuke Hagino competes in the 200m individual medley heats at the Asian Games in Incheon on September 22, 2014 (AFP)

Japan’s Kosuke Hagino competes in the 200m individual medley heats at the Asian Games in Incheon on September 22, 2014 (AFP)

Kosuke Hagino exacted swift revenge over Daiya Seto to win the men’s 200-meter individual medley at the Japan Open on Sunday.

A night after he was beaten by Seto in the 400 IM, the Rio Olympic champion touched in 1 minute, 56.30 seconds at Tatsumi International Swimming Center, completing the race more than a full second ahead of Seto, who clocked 1:57.76.

“I couldn’t end like that so (I) turned defiant,” Hagino, who had right elbow surgery after the Rio Olympics, said after winning his first race of the three-day meet. “It’s been an event where I was given a good opportunity to have a look at where I’m weak.”

Seto said, “Kosuke had a different zeal to him today. … It was a dismal defeat. I was too conscious of the outcome of the race and overstrained myself.”

World record holder Ippei Watanabe won the men’s 200 breaststroke in 2:07.77, while Yasuhiro Koseki was third.

“I wasn’t ahead of my pace but still managed to lead while being composed,” said Watanabe, who received a memorial plate for the world record he set in January unveiled at the starting block before the final at the venue.

“It’s nice that I can swim looking at my plate from now on. I’ll aim for the podium along with Koseki to keep others off our trademark event in July’s worlds.”

In women’s action 16-year-old Rikako Ikee won the 100 butterfly in 57.65. Yui Ohashi took the 200 IM in 2:10.66, with Runa Imai taking third in that event.

“I’m frustrated not to record a single new personal record,” Ikee, who has been working on her strength, said after ending the meet with four titles. “I’m sure personal bests will follow if I keep improving where I’m lacking.”


May 22 17

Australian Government propose lottery as part of national plan for elite sport

by ZwemZa
Australia endured their worst Olympic performance at a Games for 24 years in Rio de Janeiro ©Getty Images

Australia endured their worst Olympic performance at a Games for 24 years in Rio de Janeiro ©Getty Images

Proposals by the Australian Government, including the use of lottery funding to boost elite sport, have been welcomed by the country’s National Olympic Committee.

The idea was included within a “National Plan for Elite Sport and Participation” unveiled by Sports Minister Greg Hunt in Canberra  today.

“A National Lottery, to be developed with the States, and activity to boost participation are among options being considered,” a statement confirmed.

This would mark a shift towards a funding system already in operation in other countries, including in Great Britain.

Hunt revealed afterwards that it is hoped such a system could be in operation by July 1 next year

He hopes it could generate around AUD$50 million (£28.7 million/$37.2 million/€33.3 million) each year for elite sports programmes.

“It’s something that in my time and on my watch I would like to see us achieve,” he said.

“It’s something which I strongly support, I know in my discussions with [Australian Olympic Committee (AOC) President] John Coates and [Australian Sports Commission (ASC) chairman) John Wylie they’ve long been advocates of this, and this is a way of finding funds, working with the States.

“If it is legislated and highly regulated, and it’s a public good lottery then that’s sensible.

“It is a sensible way to provide additional permanent sports funding which I think is fair, reasonable and appropriate.

“In 30, 50 and 100 years it will still be here and providing a way to support participation and support performance for elite Australian sport.”

The idea forms part of a plan considered a “long-term strategy for the whole of sport”.

It will “examine four key pillars of participation, performance, prevention through physical activity and integrity”.

“Consultation” will also engage on major sporting events, sports infrastructure, sport governance and funding.

Sporting bodies in Australia are seeking to repair their relations following a fractious AOC election earlier this month in which Coates defeated ASC-backed opponent Danielle Roche to retain his position as President, a post he has held since 1990.

“The AOC welcomes the Minister’s initiative,” said AOC chief executive Matt Carroll.

“Every athlete, every team, every sport needs a plan to succeed so this initiative is critical for Australia’s sporting future.

“The National Plan will bring clarity on the roles and responsibilities of all the parties involved and establish the support, infrastructure and funding required to achieve the collective sporting outcomes for the country.

“The AOC accepts that Australians set high expectations of sport administrators, not just in providing opportunities for athletes to achieve medal success, but in growing participation, ensuring community outcomes in health and education are achieved and importantly setting standards that meet our cultural values.

“We welcome that the Ministers National Plan will be addressing all of these aspects.”

Britain’s National Lottery system was first implemented in 1994 and has led to vast improvement at Olympic level.

They finished second on the medals table at Rio 2016 behind the United States after finishing 36th with just one gold medal 20 years earlier in Atlanta.

In contrast, Australia fell from fourth place finishes on the Olympic medals tables at Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004 to 10th at Rio 2016.

A total of 29 medals at Rio 2016 marked Australia’s worst Olympic tally in 24 years and included just eight golds – less than half the amount the country won at Athens 2004 where it won 17 titles.

The ASC is the main provider of funding for most Olympic sports but its Government grant has declined over the last five years.

Nick Butler | Inside the Games

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